Working conditions in aged care homes are awful, largely because the work is done by women
The aged care royal commission is the just the latest in an avalanche of reviews and inquires over three decades that have found the same things: abuse and neglect and, lying behind them, appalling work conditions.
Our analysis of the 6,631 submissions received by the aged care royal commission shows that more than half dealt with workforce-related issues. Of the 296 witnesses who appeared before the commission, 252 gave testimony related to workforce issues.
The line of inquiry continued this month when the commission began specific hearings into the aged care workforce.
It is reflected in the results of a large survey conducted by unions representing aged care workers (the Health Services Union and United Voice) that finds nine out of ten aged care workers in residential and home care settings do not have enough time to provide the quality of care they think is necessary.
Some 87% of staff in residential facilities say they have to hurry people in their care because there are too many tasks to complete; 94% say they don’t have enough time to talk to them.
More than a third say they are unlikely to still be working in residential aged care in five years’ time.
While these findings and many of the testimonials by staff and families are disturbing, conditions have been like this for decades.
More female means less visible
The real question is why, for decades, we haven’t paid attention to a workforce of 366,000, projected to grow to 980,000 in 2050.
Part of the answer must lie in the gendered nature of care work. Women comprise an extraordinary 90% of the aged care workforce.
The continuing undervaluation of aged care work owes much to much female work being unpaid and therefore less visible, and to much of it involving care.
It means the progressive degradation of care work happened in the shadows, while the spotlight was directed at other, better-paid work.
And more migrant means less visibility
Manufacturing jobs hit the headlines with the closure of factories decimated by decades of economic restructuring. More recently, we have been distracted by sexier topics such as the gig economy, automation, and the “future of work”.
About one-third of the aged care workforce are migrants, which adds to its invisibility. Migrants are often unable to vote and lack industrial clout.
It presents a problem.
If we don’t listen to aged care workers without clout, their conditions are never likely to improve to the point where they attract other workers who have clout.
Online platforms can also enable the creation of worker-owned cooperatives that provide disability and aged care services. Cooperative Life for instance has been successfully piloting the worker-owned model in areas of market failure.
There’s hope, but no guarantees
The challenge will be to leverage these new technologies to enable workers to develop more skills and enjoy more satisfying jobs.
As is often the case with new technologies there is a risk that instead they will enable a race to the bottom. It’s up to us.
The royal commission’s final report will be crucial in determining which future we choose.
Sarah Kaine, Associate Professor UTS Centre for Business and Social Innovation, University of Technology Sydney and Emmanuel Josserand, Professor of management, Director of the Centre for Business and Social Innovation, University of Technology Sydney
29 October 2019.